September 13, 1996
Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland,
Novovoronezh Emergency Water Supply Project. Parsons Power
representatives met with MOHT, Rosenergoatom (REA), Atomenergoproject,
Gidropress, and Novovoronezh nuclear power plant (NPP) personnel in
Moscow for a project review. Parsons Power has contracted directly with
MOHT and the Novovoronezh plant for design services on this project.
MOHT provided its first deliverable the application to Gosatomnadzor
(GAN) for a modification to the Novovoronezh plant. The plant piping must
be modified to provide the appropriate connections to the emergency water
supply. (Dan Couch, PNNL, 509-372-4591).
Monitoring System for Kola Unit 2. The two radiation field
calibration instruments for calibrating the high-level radiation monitors
(containing cesium-137 sources) were released from Customs this week.
Matrix International Logistics, Inc., delivered the calibration
instruments to the Kola NPP. Included in the shipment were 10,000 feet
of RG-59 coaxial cable for completion of the wiring at the plant.
Computer diskettes of the Russian translation of the user's manual for the
radiation monitor system were received by the plant and are in use by the
staff. Kola NPP staff expect to complete the wiring of the readouts,
recorders, and remote indicators for the high-level radiation monitor
system in September. U.S. project team members and the equipment
manufacturer's staff will return to the Kola NPP in October to complete
the installation and calibration of the radiation monitor system and to
train the plant personnel in its use. (George Greene, BNL, 516-344-2296)
Plant-Specific Safety Assessments at Novovoronezh NPP. A
group of engineering staff members from the Novovoronezh NPP and GAN are
at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) this week. They are performing
deterministic calculations in support of safety assessments for two
reactor units at the Novovoronezh plant.
The work of two
Novovoronezh engineers and one of the GAN staff members is focused on the
safety assessment specific to Novovoronezh Unit 3 , a
VVER-440/179B reactor. They are constructing the RELAP5 input deck for
Another pair of Novovoronezh plant engineers and the
second GAN staff member are working on the calculations in support of the
safety assessments for Novovoronezh Unit 5 , a VVER-1000 reactor.
During a previous visit, Novovoronezh plant staff constructed the RELAP5
input deck for Unit 5. This project team now is defining scenarios and
developing RELAP5 input for transient calculations for simulated failures
of equipment under small-break loss-of-coolant-accidents such as a
failure of a high-pressure pump, low-pressure pump, or accumulator.
(Greg Slovik, BNL, 516-344-7983)
Commission Chornobyl Shelter Project. Under a program task order
finalized on September 10, 1996, Bechtel Power Corporation will provide
support to the European Commission Chornobyl Shelter Project. Bechtel
specialists in the areas of structural design and decontamination and
decommissioning will join with other international experts addressing the
short- and long-term measures being considered for the Chornobyl Shelter.
(LaDonna James, PNNL, 509-375-4372)
CENTRAL AND EASTERN
Bulgarian Nuclear Plant Analyzer Project. Staff
supporting the Kozloduy NPP have completed the transient calculations for
a scenario in which an operator-controlled, steam generator pressure
relief valve is assumed to be stuck open. The results will be provided
to the Kozloduy plant staff for their review. (Greg Slovik, BNL,
the event is a new item or has been changed from the last report.
September 14-28 -- Kyiv, Ukraine, and Khmelnytskyy and
Chornobyl NPPs, Ukraine.
A program nuclear safety expert
will meet in Kyiv with representatives of the Chornobyl Center for Nuclear
Safety, Radioactive Wastes and Radioecology and the Ukraine Ministry
of Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety Engineering Training
Center, followed by meetings at the Khmelnytskyy and Chornobyl NPPs
with plant representatives. The objective of the meetings is to complete
the first phase of the safety works database at Ukrainian NPPs,
compile a list of potential fuel cycle safety projects, and assist in
drafting a business plan for Chornobyl Center development. (Dan
Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
September 14-20 -- Kyiv,
Program review meetings will take place in Kyiv
with representatives from the Chornobyl Center, DOE, Goscomatom, and
U.S. program technical staff. (Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
September 14-21 -- Ignalina NPP, Lithuania.
Members of the
U.S. project team will visit Ignalina NPP to reach agreement on the
design, manufacture, and testing of two prototype analog-to-relay
electronic modules. These modules will help establish a more
reliable instrumentation and control system. (Norm Fletcher, DOE,
September 14-28 -- Moscow, Russia.
Acceptance testing of the Kalinin full-scope simulator will take place at
the simulator manufacturing factory of VNIIAES/GET in Moscow. U.S.
program technical staff will attend. (John Yoder, DOE, 301-903-5650)
*September 15-29 -- Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia.
U.S. program technical staff will meet with representatives from the
Kurchatov Institute, the Ministry of Atomic Power (Minatom), and
senior staff from the Leningrad NPP to continue analysis in support of
site-specific decommissioning studies for nuclear power plants with RBMK
reactors. (Richard Reister, DOE, 301-903-0234)
16 -- Smolensk NPP, Russia.
The first classes on vibration
analysis and shaft alignment will be held at the Smolensk Training Center.
(Tom Vehec, PNNL, 509-372-4072)
September 16-19 --
Staff from Parsons Power, Westinghouse,
RDIPE, Atomenergoproject, Kursk NPP, and REA will meet to discuss
the plan for installing the safety parameter display system at Kursk Unit
2. Chornobyl NPP staff also will travel to Moscow to discuss the
conformed specification for the Chornobyl Unit 3 safety parameter
display system. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
16-20 -- Chornobyl NPP, Ukraine.
Sonalysts, Inc. staff will
meet with personnel from Chornobyl NPP to develop the scope for radiation
protection training. This training will constitute the second major
training program developed at the Chornobyl plant. (Sonja Haber,
September 16-20 -- Kalinin NPP,
Russian participants will accompany U.S. personnel
on this site visit that is part of the project involved with
transferring training technology. (John Yoder, DOE, 301-903-5650)
September 16-20 -- Moscow, Russia.
from GAN will attend a workshop on quality assurance for the transport of
nuclear materials. (George Sherwood, DOE, 301-903-4162, or George
Vargo, PNNL, 509-375-6836)
*September 20 -- Helsinki, Finland.
A U.S. program representative will meet with STUK, the
Finnish regulatory agency, regarding that agency's potential
participation in the probabilistic and deterministic safety analysis
project under way at the Leningrad NPP. Discussions will include
review and oversight of both the development activities and
deterministic analysis for the probabilistic risk assessment. (Walt
Pasedag, DOE, 301-903-3628)
September 20-22 -- Moscow,
The Kola in-depth safety analysis (KOLISA) project
will be reviewed at a meeting in Moscow. Technical staff from the
U.S. program will attend. (Walt Pasedag, DOE, 301-903-3628)
September 20-29 -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
emergency operating instruction (EOI) working group meeting is tentatively
scheduled. Representatives from the Armenia Nuclear Power Station
and the Kozloduy, Novovoronezh, and Kola NPPs will attend. (Kent
Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
September 21-October 4 -- Ignalina
NPP, Lithuania and Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
will participate in configuration management meetings at Ignalina NPP.
Then staff from Kozolody NPP, Risk Engineering Limited, and the
U.S. program team will meet at Kozloduy NPP to discuss the
configuration management and seismic upgrade projects. (Dan Couch, PNNL,
September 23-27 -- Khmelnytskyy NPP,
General Physics Corporation will conduct a 1-week
work session at Khmelnytskyy NPP. The primary objective of the
session is to continue development of three training programs: Control
Room Reactor Operator, Refueling Floor Operator, and Chemical
Operator. General Physics also will provide instruction to
Khmelnytskyy plant personnel in the systematic approach to training.
(Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
September 23-24 -- Kyiv,
Burns & Roe staff and U.S. program team members
will meet with Goscomatom and Ukrainian nuclear power plant
representatives to discuss safety parameter display systems for VVER-1000
plants in Ukraine. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
September 23-October 4- -- Trnava, Slovakia.
staff will work with Slovakian specialists from the Nuclear Power Plant
Research Institute (VUJE) to develop additional computer terminal
displays for the upgraded V1 simulator. The program plan and
schedule for the validation and verification process also will be
discussed and finalized. (Bill Shier, BNL, 516-344-2385).
*September 24-25 -- Novovoronezh NPP, Russia.
of the program team will represent the United States at a general
coordinating meeting of the G-24 members of the Nuclear Safety Advisory
Council for nuclear power plants with VVER-440/230 reactors. The
meeting was called specifically for the Novovoronezh and Kola NPPs.
Participating international organizations include the International
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the European Commission, and the
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), as well as the
G-24 countries. An exchange of technical information will provide
updates on the reactor safety activities of each participating
organization. (Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852, and Doug Timmins, PNNL,
September 24-26 -- Obninsk, Russia.
The U.S. Department of Energy will hold an information
exchange,"Analytical Methods and Computational Tools for NPP Safety
Assessment," at the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE).
The primary purpose is to provide an open forum for the exchange of
information among experts involved in the safety evaluation of
Soviet-designed reactors and communicate the results of the safety
analyses carried out under program sponsorship in Russia, Ukraine,
and Central European countries with Soviet-designed reactors.
Papers will be presented on topics including probabilistic risk
assessment, thermal hydraulic analysis, structural analysis, and
neutronic analysis. Safety analysis specialists from Russian, Ukrainian,
and Central and Eastern European power plants and technical
organizations will participate. Participation of a limited number
of Western European and U.S. experts also is expected. (Walt Pasedag,
DOE, 301-903-3628, or Jeff Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
*September 25-26 -- St. Petersburg, Russia.
steering committee for the Leningrad NPP probabilistic and deterministic
safety analysis project will meet to review project schedule and
scope. (Sam McKay, PNNL, 509-372-4059)
*September 30-October 4
-- Slavutych, Ukraine.
Program representatives will attend a
meeting of the European Commission Chornobyl Shelter Project. At
that meeting, Ukrainian authority concurrence will be pursued regarding
project recommendations for the short- and long-term measures.
(Dennis Kreid, PNNL, 509-375-2170)
September 30-October 4 --
Representatives from BNL, DOE, GAN, the Institute
of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO), and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory
Commission (NRC) will attend training technology transfer meetings. (Sonja
Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
September 30-October 10 --
Waterford, Connecticut, USA.
Balakovo specialists will
travel to Sonalysts to continue development of the training course for
instrumentation and control operations. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
September TBD -- Leningrad NPP, Russia.
Representatives from the U.S. program, Parsons Power, Westinghouse,
Leningrad NPP, and RDIPE will meet to reach agreement on
specifications for the Leningrad Unit 3 safety parameter display system
and sign a memorandum of agreement on roles and responsibilities.
(Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
*October TBD -- Armenia
Nuclear Power Station, Armenia.
The project team for fire
safety will meet at the Armenia Nuclear Power Station to develop a joint
plan for making improvements to fire safety at Unit 2. The team
also will discuss ideas for potential new projects. The team will
coordinate activities with assistance teams from the European Union and
Russia. U.S. program staff and Burns & Roe personnel will attend.
(Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
October 7-11 -- Columbia,
Staff representing the South Ukraine and
Rivne NPPs and S3 Technologies will meet with U.S. program staff to
discuss contractual arrangements for the full-scope simulator projects at
South Ukraine Unit 1 and Rivne Unit 3. (Peter Kohut, BNL,
October 7-18 -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
General Physics and Sonalysts staff will assist Kozloduy NPP with the
implementation of training courses for the shift supervisors and
reactor repair technicians. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*October 11-20 -- Moscow and Desnagorsk, Russia.
experts from the program team and the contractor, Mechanical Maintenance
Products, Inc., will travel to Moscow and on to Desnagorsk, to the
Smolensk NPP. There they will oversee and assist in classroom and
field training on U.S.-supplied mechanical and optical alignment
systems.Trainees will include representatives of the training
departments from the five RBMK reactor sites in Russia, Ukraine, and
Lithuania. (Grigory Trosman, DOE, 301-903-3581)
-- Novovoronezh NPP, Russia, and Chornobyl NPP, Ukraine.
Staff representing the Novovoronezh and Chornobyl NPPs will meet with S3
Technologies, VNIIAES, and U.S. program team members to discuss
detailed arrangements for the recently awarded analytical simulator
projects. (Peter Kohut, BNL, 516-344-4982)
October 14-18 --
Smolensk NPP, Russia.
Russian participants will accompany
U.S. personnel on this site visit that is part of the project involved
with transferring training technology. (John Yoder, DOE,
October 14-25 -- Waterford, Connecticut,
Balakovo NPP specialists will travel to Sonalysts to
continue development of the radiation protection training course.
(Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
October 21 -- Helsinki,
A KOLISA project status review will be presented to
the project steering committee. The steering committee consists of
the Kola plant manager, the DOE program manager, and a technical
consultant from IVO-Finland. (Jeff Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
*October 21-25 -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
team for developing and implementing management and operational controls
procedures will meet. The team will conduct technical reviews of
draft procedures and planned steps to complete implementation of the
procedures at pilot plants in countries with Soviet-designed NPPs.
Attendees include representatives from Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech
Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the
United States. The U.S. representatives include staff from the Brunswick
NPP, INPO, and DOE. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
October 21-25 -- Novovoronezh NPP, Russia.
participants will accompany U.S. personnel on this site visit that is part
of the project involved with transferring training technology.
(John Yoder, DOE, 301-903-5650)
October 26-November 2 -- Prague,
A probabilistic risk assessment (PRA)
workshop will be cosponsored with the IAEA at the Czech Republic's
Nuclear Research Institute (REZ). A U.S. team member will coordinate and
participate in the workshop, which is being held to resolve
discrepancies in modeling assumptions and databases among the
different PRAs of VVER-440 reactors. Safety analysis specialists from
Russian, Ukrainian, and Central and Eastern European power plants,
and technical organizations will address modeling assumptions,
initiating events, and component reliability data, with the goal of
agreeing on consistent assumptions. Participation of a limited
number of Western European and U.S. experts also is expected. (Jeff
Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
October 28-November 1 --
A course on the systematic approach to
training will be given in Moscow for participants of the training
technology transfer program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
October TBD -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
An EOI workshop
tentatively is scheduled for Kozloduy NPP. Representatives from Sonalysts
will present the principles of the U.S. "User's Guide" to staff from
Kozloduy VVER-1000 and VVER-440/230 units. (Kent Faris, PNNL,
October TBD -- Dukovany NPP, Czech
In a tentatively scheduled EOI workshop,
Sonalysts representatives will present the U.S. principles of
verification and validation to staff from the Dukovany NPP VVER-440/213
units. (Larry Sherfey, PNNL, 509-372-4080)
October TBD --
U.S. specialists will visit REA in Moscow to
assess the capability of Russian-manufactured high-temperature suits to
protect personnel for entry into hostile environments at nuclear power
plants with RBMK reactors. (Jim Guppy, BNL, 516-344-2698)
October TBD -- Moscow, Russia.
A special meeting of the
VVER-1000 working group will be held at VNIIAES. Working group members
from the Balakovo, Kozloduy, and Zaporizhzhya NPPs will meet with
VNIIAES and Gidropress to review and discuss results of analysis
calculations completed by Gidropress. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
November 4-8 -- Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA.
regulator EOI workshop has been scheduled at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory
Commission Technical Training Center. Representatives from
Russian, Ukrainian, and CEEC regulatory agencies, with primary
responsibilities for reviewing and approving VVER EOIs, will attend. They
will observe, learn, and discuss regulator involvement with EOIs
associated with the VVER reactors. Workshop objectives are to
- educate/familiarize regulators on symptom-based EOI concepts
- provide demonstrations on the use of EOIs to mitigate accidents
- build regulator confidence in the quality of the EOI development
- provide answers to questions the regulators may have
concerning symptom-based EOIs
- demonstrate the U.S. approach to
regulator involvement in EOI development/implementation
- encourage regulator involvement/priority in EOI development, approval,
A combination of classroom lectures
and simulator scenarios will be used to demonstrate these key
points. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
November 4-8 --
Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
There will be a VVER-440/230 EOI
working group meeting at Kozloduy NPP. Representatives from all
VVER-440/230 NPPs are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL,
November 4-8 -- Zaporizhzhya NPP, Ukraine.
There will be a VVER-1000 EOI working group meeting at Zaporizhzhya
NPP. Representatives from all VVER-1000 NPPs are scheduled to
attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
November 11-22 --
Balakovo NPP, Russia.
Sonalysts staff will assist Balakovo
in the implementation of the water chemistry training course. (Sonja
Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
November 11-December 6 -- Place
A workshop on the systematic approach to training will
be held for participants of the training technology transfer
program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
November 18-22 --
Smolensk NPP, Russia.
There will be an RBMK EOI working
group meeting at Smolensk NPP. Representatives from all RBMK NPPs
are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
*November 18-22 -- Bohunice NPP, Slovakia.
VVER-440/213 EOI working group will meet. Representatives from all
VVER-440/213 NPPs are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL,
December 11 - 12 -- Moscow, Russia.
A meeting will be held with the training technology transfer participants
to discuss the progress of the program. (Sonja Haber, BNL,
December TBD -- Charlotte, North
Plans are being made to bring nondestructive
examination specialists from Russia and Ukraine to the United States
to observe U.S. nondestructive examination practices. Tentative plans
include visits to the Electric Power Research Institute
Nondestructive Examination Center in Charlotte and a U.S. NPP, as well as
to the Savannah River Site to observe how its inspection program has
been upgraded. (Robert Moffitt, PNNL, 509-372-4108)
||Argonne National Laboratory|
|BNL ||Brookhaven National
|CEEC ||Central and Eastern European Countries|
|DOE ||U.S. Department of
Bank for Reconstruction and Development|
||emergency operating instruction (EOIs aid in the
operation, management, and control of plant emergencies; they define the
actions that reactor operators must take to stabilize the reactor and
mitigate the consequences of an accident or abnormal event.)|
|GAN ||Gosatomnadzor (Russian
organization responsible for regulating the safety of nuclear
reactors and fuel cycle enterprises)|
||General Energy Technologies (a joint venture of
VNIIAES and S3 Technologies)|
||Experimental Design Institute (responsible for VVER
reactor design, steam generator design and manufacturing, and
thermal-hydraulic code development and testing)|
|Goscomatom ||Ukrainian State Committee on
Nuclear Power Utilization|
|IAEA ||International Atomic Energy Agency|
|IBRAE ||Russian Academy of Sciences
Nuclear Safety Institute (independent organization specializing in the
development of nuclear safety computer analysis methods)|
|INPO ||Institute of Nuclear Power
in-depth safety analysis|
|INSP ||U.S. International Nuclear Safety Program|
|IPPE ||Kola in-depth safety
|KOLISA ||Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Obninsk,
|Kurchatov Institute ||Russian scientific center that designs power reactors, research
reactors, fuel, fuel cycle facilities, space nuclear reactors; conducts
economic and policy studies, metallurgical research, fusion
|LEI ||Lithuanian Energy Institute|
|Minatom ||Ministry of Atomic Energy of
the Russian Federation (responsible for developing nuclear reactors and
for fuel cycle enterprises)|
||consortium of 7-8 companies that include Gidropress,
Kurchatov Institute, and VNIIAES|
|NOVISA ||Novovoronezh in-depth safety
|NPA ||nuclear plant analyzer|
||nuclear power plant |
|PNNL ||Pacific Northwest National
|RDIPE ||Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering (the
research branch of NIKIET; main designer of Russian RBMK reactors
Bolshio Moschnosti Kipyashchiy (Soviet-designed, graphite-moderated,
boiling water-cooled, channel reactor)|
||Rosenergoatom (a business concern of Minatom
responsible for all nuclear power plant operations except the Leningrad
nuclear power plant)|
|TBD ||to be determined|
||U.S. Agency for International Development|
|VNIIAES ||Russian Institute
for Nuclear Power Plant Operations (assists in nuclear power plant
startup, operations, and training; manufactures full-scope and analytical
|VVER ||Vodo-Vodyanoy Energeticheskyi Reactor ( Soviet-designed
pressurized water reactor)|
|WANO ||World Association of Nuclear Operators|
Note: in the interest of providing a timely update on the
Soviet-Designed-Reactor Safety Program, no formal document review of
this weekly report has been conducted by DOE or PNNL.