Important Note: This website contains historical data from the INSP project. As of 2004 the site is no longer maintained and certain sections do not work correctly.

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Improving the Safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants--Overview

Important Note: This website contains historical data from the INSP project. As of 2004 the site is no longer maintained and certain sections do not work correctly.

International Nuclear Safety Program Summary
Introduction
Historical Issues and Reactor Types
Reducing Risks
Key Accomplishments
Performace Measurement and Future Directions
Timeline (1986-1999)
Contacts


The U.S. Department of Energy manages a comprehensive collaborative effort to improve nuclear safety at Soviet-designed nuclear power plants in nine partnering countries. In addition to these nine host countries, the G-7 nations and many international organizations collaborate on this effort.

Improve Safety and Reduce Risks By

  • improving physical operating conditions
  • installing safety equipment
  • developing improved safety procedures
  • establishing regional centers for training reactor personnel
  • installing simulators for training control room operators
  • conducting in-depth safety assessments
  • developing institutional and regulatory frameworks
  • addressing the extraordinary problems at Chornobyl.

Benefits

  • Reduces the likelihood of a nuclear accident.
  • Protects Europe's public, economic and environmental health and the health of U.S. citizens in Europe.
  • Promotes a stable climate for international investments in countries with Soviet-designed reactors.
Vent stack at Kola nuclear power plant

Vent stack (right) identifies the Kola nuclear power plant on the Kola peninsula in northwestern Russia.

Host Countries and Nuclear Power Plants

Armenia -- Armenia plant, one VVER-440/230 reactor

Bulgaria -- Kozloduy plant, four VVER-440/230, two VVER-1000 reactors

Czech Republic -- Dukovany plant, four VVER-440/213 reactors

Hungary -- Paks plant, four VVER-440/213 reactors

Kazakhstan -- Aktau plant, one BN-350 reactor

Lithuania -- Ignalina plant, two RMBK-1500 reactors

Russia -- Balakovo, Bilibino, Beloyarsk, Kalinin, Kola, Kursk, Leningrad, Novovoronezh, and Smolensk plants

  • seven VVER-1000 reactors
  • one BN-600 reactor
  • four LWGR-12 reactors
  • four VVER-440/230 reactors
  • two VVER-440/213 reactors
  • eleven RBMK-1000 reactors

Slovakia -- Bohunice plant, two VVER-440/230, two VVER-440/213 reactors

Ukraine -- Chornobyl, Khmelnytskyy, Rivne, South Ukraine, and Zaporizhzhya plants

  • eleven VVER-1000 reactors
  • two VVER-440-213 reactors
  • one RBMK-1000 reactor

Reactor Types
  • RBMK: boiling-water, graphite-moderated reactor
  • VVER: pressurized light-water reactor
  • BN: sodium-cooled breeder reactor
  • LWGR: light-water-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor

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