for the period March 22
through April 18, 1997
Prepared by Pacific
Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, Washington
Russian Reactor Sites Complete Course in Training Methodology. On
April 11, representatives from Bilibino nuclear power plant (NPP) and
Russian research reactors completed a month-long training course covering
the Systematic Approach to Training (SAT) and instructor skills. The
course, presented by a team from General Physics Corporation and
Sonalysts, Inc., was held at General Physics facilities in Aiken, South
Carolina. The first two weeks of instruction focused on the SAT
methodology. To ensure the methodology?s successful transfer, workshops
required students to develop job and task analysis materials for the shift
supervisor position at their respective sites. During the second two
weeks, participants received training in instructor skills and
on-the-job-training techniques. They also toured Catawba NPP and the
Savannah River Site, as well as the training facilities associated with
those plants. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
Training Course Implemented at Balakovo. The twelfth and final
pilot training course for plant operators was implemented this week at
Balakovo Training Center. Held April 14 through 17, the course was
specific to the position of technical safety inspector at Balakovo NPP.
Personnel from Sonalysts, Inc., assisted Balakovo staff in implementing
the course. U.S. training experts observed the implementation sessions.
Afterward, they reviewed the performance measures for training activities
at the Balakovo Training Center.
Establishment of the Balakovo
Training Center, coupled with subsequent development and implementation of
the 12 plant-specific training courses, represents a significant
achievement. These actions have begun a process leading to indigenous
support for using the SAT methodology throughout Russia. Work with the
Balakovo Training Center will continue, with a new focus on evaluation of
training programs and transferring training technology to other NPPs in
Russia. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
Equipment and Training Enhance Ukraine Plant Capabilities in
Nondestructive Examination. In late March, the United States
provided manual ultrasonic flaw detectors, digital thickness gauges, and
hand-held hardness testing instruments to the operating reactors at
Ukraine?s five NPPs. In all, 15 sets of the equipment were delivered.
Technical specialists from the U.S. team and contractor Davis NDE then
conducted a six-day training course at Khmelnytskyy NPP. A total of 19
nondestructive examination inspectors, at least two each from the
Chornobyl, Khmelnytskyy, Rivne, South Ukraine, and Zaporizhzhya NPPs,
participated in the training. The course covered equipment operation and
modern ultrasonic techniques for determining the through-wall extent of
defects in pipe. The training course and instrumentation provided by the
United States will enable inspectors to obtain reliable diagnostic
information about the structural integrity of safety-related piping
systems within Ukraine?s NPPs. (Tom Taylor, PNNL, 509-375-4331)
Chornobyl NPP to Get Fire Safety Equipment. U.S. contractor
Bechtel National, Inc., has issued a purchase order to Allsafe Company for
90 sets of fire-fighting gear, including coats, pants, boots, and helmets,
for fire protection personnel at Chornobyl NPP. The gear is to be
delivered to the plant in July. Allsafe also has provided variable-spray
hose nozzles for the plant. In addition, penetration sealant material and
application equipment produced by Promatec are en route to Chornobyl.
During the first week in April, Bechtel staff and members of the U.S.
team met with representatives of Chornobyl NPP, Energoproekt, and
Ukraine?s Nuclear Regulatory Administration to define work scope and
participant responsibilities in the design of the fire and smoke detection
system for Chornobyl. The first steps will involve Energoproekt?s review
of Russian certification documents and subsequent approval by the Nuclear
Regulatory Administration. The system design is scheduled for completion
in August 1997. Delivery of the equipment to Chornobyl NPP is scheduled
for November 1997. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412).
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE
Configuration Management Project Making Scheduled Progress. In
early April, representatives of the U.S. technical team and contractor
American Technologies, Inc., met with Kozloduy NPP representatives and the
Bulgarian subcontractor Risk Engineering Ltd. to review the configuration
management project under way at the plant. The plant representatives
verified that previous problems with translations, obtaining plant manager
approval on procedures, and receiving prompt answers to their technical
questions have been resolved. They also reported that the design
requirements, design reconfiguration, and records management draft
procedures were satisfactory. The project schedule was reviewed, and all
activities are on track. Kozloduy representatives also presented a
proposal for the project?s implementation phase. That proposal is under
review by the U.S. team. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418; Dan Couch,
Lithuania: New Protocol Outlines Next Steps in
Ignalina Configuration Management Project. The configuration
management project under way at Ignalina NPP was reviewed at mid-April
meetings in Vilnius and Visaginas, Lithuania. Representatives of
Ignalina NPP, the Swedish International Projects office, Stone & Webster
Engineering Company, and the U.S. team evaluated the plant?s progress in
building the equipment and document indexes. More than 10,000 documents
have been entered. In addition, preliminary data have been entered for
approximately 90% of the plant?s safety-related equipment. The
representatives also evaluated vendor bids for computer software and
hardware to be used in implementing the Reliability Maintenance Management
System/Configuration Management process. A vendor will be selected and a
contract will be awarded by the end of May. Participants signed a
protocol documenting agreements reached regarding next steps in the
project. These included the description of a process for entering
information into the plant?s configuration management database and
verifying that information, as well as a schedule for evaluating bids and
placing the final contract. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418; Dan
Couch, PNNL, 509-372-4591)
Lithuania: New Projects Considered to
Help Address Findings of Ignalina Safety Panel. During the week of
April 7, U.S. team representatives held a series of meetings in Visaginas,
Kaunas, and Vilnius, Lithuania. Participants included the Swedish
International Projects office, Ignalina NPP, the Lithuania Energy
Institute, the regulatory agency Vatesi, and the Ministry of Energy. The
U.S. team members reviewed current projects and coordinated project
activities with those of Sweden and other countries and organizations.
The Lithuanian representatives presented their plan of action to address
the recommendations contained in the report of the Ignalina Safety Panel.
Several new projects that help to deal with the safety panel?s
high-priority recommendations were discussed as possibilities for
additional U.S. support. The project team will strive to obtain final
decisions on the proposed projects by the end of April. Additional
information will be available after those decisions have been reached.
(Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
Seminars Offer Training on Topics Related to
Emergency Operating Instructions. During the week of April 14,
VNIIAES conducted a training seminar at Novovoronezh NPP. The
U.S.-supported seminar, second in a series for NPPs in Russia and Ukraine,
was designed to clarify for plant management and staff the reasons for
changing from event-based emergency operating instructions (EOIs) to
symptom-based EOIs. The seminars also will cover other important topics
such as mitigating strategies used in symptom-based EOIs, basic steps
needed in developing EOIs, operator rules of usage for EOIs, and operator
training. Previous seminars held at Zaporizhzhya and Balakovo NPPs have
met with great success. Plans are to provide this training at other NPPs
such as Kola, Rivne, South Ukraine, and Khmelnytskyy NPPs. (Kent Faris,
Scientists from Russia and Ukraine Complete Basic
Training on RELAP5. The first of two 4-week training sessions on
using the RELAP5 computer code for VVER reactor analyses concluded on
April 18. The 10 students who completed this session represented IBRAE
and the Electrogorsk Research Center for Nuclear Power Plants Safety in
Russia, as well as Derzhkomatom and the Sevastopol Institute in Ukraine.
Technical experts from two U.S. national laboratories conducted the
training at Idaho Falls, Idaho. The training provided lectures
introducing the RELAP5 code and hands-on workshop exercises illustrating
use of the code for performing thermal-hydraulic analyses of VVER
reactors. A second session begins on April 21; 16 new students from
Russia and Ukraine are scheduled to participate. (Don Fletcher, INEEL,
208-526-7652; Ross Jensen, ANL, 208-533-7911)
- "*" indicates the event
is a new item or has been changed from the last report.
- "TBD" means the event date or location is to be determined.
- Note: in the interest of providing a timely update on the
Soviet-Designed-Reactor Safety Program, no formal document review of this
weekly report has been conducted by DOE or PNNL.
19-30 -- Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
Technical experts from the
U.S. team and contractor Fluor Daniel Northwest will hold discussions with
leaders from the Chornobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste
and Radioecology, the Chornobyl Shelter, and Ukraine?s Ministry for
Environmental Protection. Talks and interviews will determine needs for
physical and computer-based modeling for the Chornobyl Shelter. (Norm
Fletcher, DOE, 301-903-3275)
*April 20-24 -- Kyiv and Slavutych,
A representative of the U.S. team will participate in
meetings with the G-7 Nuclear Safety Working Group and Ukraine government
officials regarding results of the draft Shelter Implementation Plan.
(Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
April 20-26 -- Vienna, Austria.
A U.S. technical expert will participate in a meeting of
International Atomic Energy Agency consultants on preparation of
guidelines for accident analysis for RBMK reactors. The outcome of this
meeting will be integrated into the probabilistic and deterministic safety
analyses under way at Leningrad Unit 2 and Kursk Unit 1. (Walt Pasedag,
*April 20-May 10 -- Kyiv and Slavutych,
A nuclear safety expert from the U.S. team will work
with representatives of Chornobyl Shelter organizations. They will
develop strategies for coordinating and implementing projects under way
and proposed for the Chornobyl Shelter. (Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
*April 21-25 -- Slavutych, Ukraine.
specialists and Chornobyl NPP staff will review the design of the nuclear
criticality monitoring system being assembled for use in the Chornobyl
Shelter. Results of preliminary tests of the monitoring system will be
presented and discussed. (Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
21-25 -- Bratislava, Slovakia.
The International Atomic Energy
Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy will hold their second joint
workshop on probabilistic risk assessments for Soviet-designed reactors.
The workshop will focus on issues related to reliability data and will be
the starting point for a project to develop a robust collection of generic
data on probabilistic risk assessments of Soviet-designed reactors. (Jeff
Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265) (Workshop No. 97-043; Travel Coordinator Gail
Flora, PNNL, 509-375-6554)
April 21-May 16 -- Idaho Falls, Idaho,
Personnel from Ukraine?s Kharkiv Energoprojekt and South
Ukraine NPP and from Russia?s Electrogorsk Research Center for Nuclear
Power Plants Safety (EREC) will attend an introductory training course in
applying the RELAP5 code to thermal-hydraulic safety analysis of nuclear
power plants. Specialists from U.S. national laboratories will instruct
the course. (Ross Jensen, ANL, 208-533-7911; Don Fletcher, Idaho
National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory [INEEL], 208-526-7652)
(Workshop No. 97-064; Travel Coordinator Melinda Stone, PNNL,
*April 23-24 -- Sosnovy Bor, Russia.
working group for the probabilistic safety assessment at Leningrad NPP
will meet. Representatives from ENTEK, AEA Technologies, and ES-Konsult
will join Leningrad NPP staff and U.S. team members for reviews of
important deterministic safety assessment accident sequences and status
reports on the reliability data collection and fault tree development
tasks. (Walt Pasedag, DOE, 301-903-3628)
* Date Changed to April
22-25 -- Moscow, Russia.
Representatives from Rosenergoatom will
meet with U.S. technical specialists involved in the transfer of circuit
breaker technology. They will discuss project scope and coordination with
Russian circuit breaker manufacturers and identify a proposed pilot plant
to implement the project. They also will discuss the battery technology
transfer project and the instrumentation and control module survey on
which Rosenergoatom is working. (Norman Fletcher, DOE, 301-903-3275)
*April 23-29 -- Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
Russian and U.S.
staff of the training technology transfer effort for Russia will discuss
and assign priorities to future planned activities. The group also will
tour Palo Verde NPP and its training facilities. (Sonja Haber, BNL,
516-344-3575) (Workshop No. 97-053; Travel Coordinator Gail Flora, PNNL,
*April 24-30 -- Darmstadt, Germany.
of the International Chornobyl Shelter project will meet with
representatives of the European Commission to discuss and implement any
revisions required to the draft Shelter Implementation Plan. (Dan
Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
*April 25 -- Helsinki, Finland.
A coordinating meeting will be held to discuss the external
review of the Leningrad probabilistic safety assessment. Representatives
of STUK, GRS, and the U.S. team will participate. (Walt Pasedag, DOE,
April 26-May 7 -- Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA.
Representatives from Ignalina NPP will participate in meetings on
quality assurance auditing. NUS Instruments will host the sessions. (Ron
Wright, PNNL, 372-4076) (Workshop No. 97-070; Travel Coordinator Gail
Flora, PNNL, 509-375-6554)
*April 28-30 -- Visaginas, Lithuania.
Representatives from Ignalina NPP, ENTEK, RELCON, and the U.S.
team will meet to discuss completion of Ignalina?s emergency operating
instructions. The U.S. team will assist in creating a schedule of
activities and support required of Ignalina NPP to complete the effort.
Ignalina plant management will review the plan for approval. (Dennis
Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
*April 28-May 9 -- Reston, Virginia,
Technical specialists from Science Applications
International Corporation (SAIC) and Argonne National Laboratory will meet
with personnel from Kola NPP and the Kurchatov Institute at SAIC?s
offices. They will address technical details and planning activities for
the Kola in-depth safety analysis project. A specialized technical
assistance meeting will be held to discuss the success criteria effort for
the Level 1 internal events probabilistic risk assessment for Unit 4.
Planning meetings will be conducted for Phase 2 of the Kola in-depth
safety analysis project (the Level 1 external events probabilistic risk
assessment for Unit 4). In addition, plans will be developed for the
deterministic accident analysis for Kola Units 1 and 2. (Philip Pizzica,
ANL, 630-252-4847) (Workshop No. 97-013; Travel Coordinator Gail Flora,
*May 1-2 -- Stockholm, Sweden.
Representatives of the U.S. effort will meet with Swedish International
Projects staff to coordinate and plan implementation of the cooperative
Swedish/U.S. in-depth safety assessment of Leningrad NPP. (Walt Pasedag,
*May 1-10 -- Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
U.S. specialists will work with Chornobyl Shelter staff to select
radiological protection equipment for the shelter. They also will collect
data necessary for future dose reduction work. (Dan Giessing, DOE,
*May 5-9 -- Energodar, Ukraine.
staff and U.S. team members will meet with staff of the Zaporizhzhya NPP
at the plant to continue planning the in-depth safety analysis project for
Zaporizhzhya Unit 5. Details of the work scope for the Level 1
probabilistic risk assessment will be developed, and the work scope,
organization, and schedule for the overall project will be defined. (Walt
Pasedag, DOE, 301-903-3628; Christian Kot, ANL, 630-252-6151)
5-9 -- Khmelnytskyy NPP, Ukraine.
General Physics Corporation
specialists will work with staff from Khmelnytskyy NPP on the Control Room
Reactor Operator training course. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*May 5-13 -- Idaho Falls, Idaho; Oak Ridge, Tennessee; and
Washington, D.C., USA.
Personnel from Russian research reactors
will meet with U.S. team members and representatives of four American
research reactors (Advanced Test Reactor, High Flux Irradiation Reactor,
Experimental Breeder Reactor-II, and the research reactor at the National
Institute of Standards and Technology). The meetings are intended to
familiarize Russian research reactor participants with U.S. research
reactor training programs and operational policies and practices. (Sonja
Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575) (Workshop No. 97-017; Travel Coordinator
Melinda Stone, PNNL, 509-375-4391)
*May 11-17 -- Energodar,
Initial training and planning meetings will be held at
Zaporizhzhya NPP for the Ukraine configuration management project. A
needs assessment for the project also will be conducted. A U.S.
specialist and a Stone & Webster Engineering Company representative will
participate. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
*May 12-23 --
Kalinin NPP, Russia.
General Physics Corporation specialists will
work with Kalinin NPP training staff to develop a training program on
mechanical maintenance as part of the training technology transfer
program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*May 12-23 --
Novovoronezh Training Center, Russia.
Sonalysts, Inc., experts
will work with Novovoronezh Training Center staff to develop a training
program for shift supervisors as part of the training technology transfer
program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*May 12-23 --
Novovoronezh NPP, Russia.
Sonalysts, Inc., will work with
Novovoronezh NPP training staff to develop a training program for shift
supervisors as part of the training technology transfer program. (Sonja
Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*May 12-23 -- Smolensk Training Center,
Sonalysts, Inc. staff will work with Smolensk Training
Center staff to develop a training program on mechanical maintenance as
part of the training technology transfer program. (Sonja Haber, BNL,
*May 12-23 -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
Staff of General Physics Corporation and Sonalysts, Inc. will work with
training staff from the Kozloduy NPP to continue development of the
Control Room Reactor Operator and Mechanical Maintenance training courses.
During the second week of the visit, Kozloduy training staff will
implement the pilot Mechanical Maintenance training course. (Sonja Haber,
*May 13-20 -- Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
A U.S. team member will meet with Chornobyl NPP management to
coordinate efforts related to the heat plant and deactivation,
decontamination, and decommissioning of the Chornobyl plant. (Riaz Awan,
* Date Changed to May 14-24 -- Charlotte,
North Carolina; Atlanta, Georgia; and Fulton, Missouri, USA.
Representatives of various agencies and NPPs in Ukraine will attend
meetings on event analysis reporting and lessons learned. U.S.
participants hosting the meetings include Duke Power Company, the
Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, and Calloway NPP. (Donnie Draper,
PNNL, 509-372-4079) (Workshop No. 97-075; Travel Coordinator Gail Flora,
*May 15-23 -- Moscow, Russia.
expert will meet with designers of RBMK reactors, Russian regulators, and
scientific institutes involved with experimental databases and analyses of
RBMK reactors to plan specific details of a code assessment effort for
RBMK reactors. (Walt Pasedag, DOE, 903-301-3628)
*May 18-23 --
A U.S. expert and a representative of Parsons
Power, Inc., will participate in meetings at Novovoronezh NPP related to
the Russian configuration management project. They will provide initial
training, refine the project plan, and conduct a needs assessment for the
project. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
*May 19-June 30 --
Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
A nuclear safety expert from the
U.S. team will work with representatives of Chornobyl Shelter
organizations. They will develop strategies for coordinating and
implementing projects under way and proposed for the Chornobyl Shelter.
(Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
*May-June Dates TBD -- Moscow,
U.S. technical specialists and personnel from
Novovoronezh NPP, Atomenergoproekt, OKB Gidropress, and the Kurchatov
Institute will hold the initial team meeting for the Novovoronezh Units 3
and 4 in-depth safety analysis project. Expected topics to be discussed
will include collection of plant-specific data to support the analyses,
development of the system description documentation, and generation of the
Novovoronezh project guidelines. In addition, planning will be finalized
for a training workshop on probabilistic risk assessment to be held in
Reston, Virginia. (Jordi Roglans, ANL, 630-252-3283)
6 -- Smolensk NPP, Russia.
Sonalysts, Inc. staff will work with
Smolensk NPP staff to develop a training program on mechanical maintenance
as part of the training technology transfer program. This visit is the
second of three to Smolensk NPP as part of the development of this
training course. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
*June 23-27 --
A training course on the PACER and NEPTUNE
codes will be presented by technical staff from Argonne National
Laboratory. The training course is the final activity in the transfer of
the codes and related documentation to the Slovakians. PACER and NEPTUNE
are state-of-the-art codes for calculating containment loads from
pipe-break loading and containment structural response/ultimate strength,
respectively. (Nicholas Grossman, DOE, 301-903-3299)