Important Note: This website contains historical data from the INSP project. As of 2004 the site is no longer maintained and certain sections do not work correctly.
September 6 through
September 19, 1997
Novovoronezh Plant Operators Experience Benefits of Emergency Operating Instructions. Earlier this summer, members of the U.S. team received verbal accounts of how operators at Novovoronezh nuclear power plant (NPP) used their newly implemented symptom-based emergency operating instructions (EOIs) in responding to an occurrence at Novovoronezh Unit 3 in mid-June. With assistance from the technical leads for EOIs at Novovoronezh NPP and at VNIIAES, the U.S. team just this week received a hand-written statement from the shift supervisor in charge of Unit 3 at the time of the occurrence. Perhaps the story is told best in the shift supervisor?s own words, translated from Russian:
The shift supervisor?s first-hand account helps validate statements that U.S. experts have made about the benefits of SBEOIs. It also highlights the need for and importance of a systematic approach to operator training and the use of a simulator in that training. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
Work Begins for Kursk Unit 1 In-Depth Safety Assessment. Participants planning the in-depth safety assessment for Kursk Unit 1 met September 2 through 4 in Reston, Virginia. Russian participants included the chief engineer from Kursk NPP and representatives of Rosenergoatom, the Research and Development Institute for Power Engineering, and the Kurchatov Institute. U.S. participants included technical support contractor Science Applications International Corporation and U.S. team members from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and two national laboratories. During the meeting, the Kursk NPP representative signed the Basic Ordering Agreement that allows work to be contracted directly with the plant.
Participants agreed that the in-depth safety assessment work would be based on the framework of the guidelines proposed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and may have to be modified when the requirements of the regulator, Gosatomnadzor, are finalized. Final agreement on management structure and scope require additional detailed planning meetings. A follow-on meeting at the Kursk plant is being planned for October. (Gary L. Smith, PNNL, 509-375-4482)
Zaporizhzhya Signs Protocol for Configuration Management Effort. In mid-September, U.S. team members traveled to Kyiv to brief representatives of Energoatom and Ukraine?s Nuclear Regulatory Administration on the status of the configuration management project at Zaporizhzhya NPP. They then held detailed discussions at the plant in Energodar concerning project scope, schedule, and responsibilities. Specific hardware and software needs to establish electronic configuration management databases were evaluated; independent plant progress on project tasks was reviewed; and required procedural upgrades were discussed. The meetings culminated in the signing of a protocol outlining the project scope, schedule, and responsibilities. Signatories to the protocol were the deputy plant manager of Zaporizhzhya NPP and U.S. team representatives from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Stone & Webster Engineering Company. (Dan Couch, PNNL, 509-372-4591)
Ukraine Developing Regulation for VVER Emergency Operating Instructions. The development status of a regulation for use of symptom-based emergency operating instructions (EOIs) at Ukraine?s VVER reactors was discussed in Kyiv on September 10 through 12. Representatives of Ukraine?s State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SSTC), the Main State Inspectorate for Supervision on Nuclear and Radiation Safety, and the Nuclear Regulatory Administration met with members of the U.S. team for the discussions. Also present were representatives from Energoatom, Kyiv Energoproekt, and Zaporizhzhya, Rivne, Chornobyl, and Khmelnytskyy NPPs.
SSTC staff discussed the first draft of the regulation with representatives of the NPPs and Energoatom. U.S. specialists presented additional information on EOI verification and validation to the regulators and NPP representatives. The group also discussed the application of the regulation to the symptom-based EOIs for the RBMK reactor at Chornobyl Unit 3.
SSTC representatives emphasized the center?s intent to complete and implement the EOI regulation by early 1998. They noted that achieving this goal will require providing all key members of the Ukrainian regulatory organization and Energoatom with additional technical information on the purpose and methodology of symptom-based EOIs. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
Chornobyl Fire Safety Upgrades Progress. During the week of September 14, Bechtel National, Inc., placed an order with the Ukrainian organization Askenn Concern for the purchase of structural steel coating material (manufactured by the Brandshutz Company). Askenn staff will apply the material to the steel structures in the Chornobyl Unit 3 turbine hall. In the event of a major fire, the coating will help prevent collapse of the roof (as occurred in the 1991 fire at Unit 2).
Two-thirds of the fire doors (also produced by Askenn Concern) have been delivered to Chornobyl NPP. The remaining doors are expected to arrive in October. Bechtel National, Inc., has completed negotiations with the Ukrainian organization Energoproekt for the design of a fire detection and alarm system. In Switzerland earlier in September, Energoproekt staff witnessed certification tests of Cerberus equipment for that system. Also during the month, cable coating material manufactured by Promatec received certification from the Ukrainian fire testing facility. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412).
Participants Agree on First Task for Rivne In-Depth Safety Assessment. During an early September planning meeting held at Argonne, Illinois, the in-depth safety assessment project for Rivne Unit 1 began. Representatives of Rivne NPP, the Ukrainian subcontractor Energorisk, Ltd., and the U.S. team initiated the task that will develop the detailed project plan. (Charles Dickerman, ANL, 630-252-4622)
Ukrainian Specialists Complete Basic Training on RELAP5. On September 17 in Idaho Falls, Idaho, thirteen specialists from Ukraine completed the training course, ?Introduction to Reactor Safety Analysis Using RELAP5.? This session?s participants included six staff from Zaporizhzhya NPP, two from Rivne NPP, two from Khmelnytskyy NPP, and three from the Engineering and Technical Center for the Training of Nuclear Industry Personnel (ETC) in Kyiv. U.S. team members from Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted the class, the fifth such session provided as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed reactors. The U.S. team and ETC staff held preliminary discussions on the possibility of conducting an advanced training course on RELAP5 in Kyiv. (Don Fletcher, INEEL, 208-526-7652; Ross Jensen, ANL, 208-533-7911)
Specification Packages for Early Biddable Projects Nearing Completion. In Kyiv during the week of September 7, U.S. members of the early biddable projects (EBP) team held discussions with staff from the Ukrainian Nuclear Regulatory Administration and the Chornobyl Shelter on the specification packages for the early biddable projects under the Shelter Implementation Plan. Concurrence on the specification packages was obtained from the Ukrainian representatives. The EBP team from the United States and Trischler und Partner convened in Darmstadt, Germany, during the week of September 14 to make the agreed-upon changes to the specification packages. The EBP team plans to meet in Kyiv in early October to complete bid packages and support the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in reviewing responses to the call for capabilities and interest. The outcome of this meeting will be a short list of bidders who will receive the EBP bid packages. (Dennis Kreid, PNNL, 509-375-2170)
Neutron Monitoring System for Chornobyl Shelter Undergoes Testing. During the first week of September, representatives of the Chornobyl Shelter and the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences? Interdisciplinary Scientific and Technical Center-Shelter (ISTC-Shelter) were in Richland, Washington, to observe testing of the neutron monitoring system being developed for the Shelter. In general, the system was found to be satisfactory; however, several suggested modifications were accepted to increase its ruggedness. Testing was not completed because insufficient humidity in the detector pods caused ionization and arcing of the air molecules, resulting in unacceptable noise at the neutron energy levels of interest. To resolve the problem, the detector pods will be disassembled and the original desiccant will be removed. Pod reassembly and the completion of final calibrations and testing will delay shipment of the system to Ukraine until mid-October. (John Schmidt, PNNL, 509-372-6377)
Russian Institute Representatives Briefed on Shelter Implementation Plan and Tendering Process. During the week of September 8, representatives of the U.S. team briefed prospective Russian bidders on the Shelter Implementation Plan tasks to be tendered by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The presentations covered both the structure and logic of the plan and the European Bank?s contracting process. The briefings were held in St. Petersburg with representatives of the Khlopin Radium Institute, the All-Russian Planning and Design, Research and Technological Association, the Kurchatov Institute, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Research and Development Institute for Power Engineering, the Russian Academy of Sciences Nuclear Safety Institute, Gosatomnadzor, and the Minatom State Education Center. (John Schmidt, PNNL, 509-372-6377)
Floor Coating and Fire Doors to Enhance Fire Safety at Armenia. U.S. contractor Keeler and Long, Inc., has manufactured floor coating for Armenia NPP to replace the flammable plastic floor covering now used in the plant. The first batch of material will be transported by air to Armenia on September 27 under the support of the United Armenian Fund. A large sanding machine, manufactured by Blastrac, will be included in the same shipment. Staff from Keeler and Long, Blastrac, and Burns & Roe will be at the plant during the week of September 29 to train plant staff in the preparation of the floor surface and application of the coating material. The remainder of the coating material will be shipped by sea in early October under the auspices of the United Armenian Fund. In addition, a contract was awarded in mid-September to the Russian organization Atomremmash for the production of 140 fire doors for Armenia NPP. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE
Lithuania: Prototype Electronic Module Produced for Ignalina NPP. Scientech, Inc., has designed an electronic analog-to-relay module for Ignalina NPP. The new modules will replace the aging modules in the plant?s process control instrumentation. Scientech will produce the first 100 modules for the plant. Following transfer of the technology, the Center for Electromagnetic Compatibility in Lithuania will produce 200 additional modules. During the week of September 7, Scientech specialists went to Vilnius to review the quality assurance program being developed by the Center for Electromagnetic Compatibility. The center must implement the program before it begins manufacturing the 200 modules. Scientech staff also delivered the proof-of-principle module to Ignalina NPP for plant inspection and testing. (Ronald Wright, PNNL, 509-372-4076; Norman Fletcher, DOE, 301-903-3275).
IPPE Hosts Exchange of Safety Assessment Information in Obninsk. The second Information Exchange Forum, ?Analytical Methods and Computational Tools for NPP Safety Assessment,? took place during the week of September 7 at the Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk, Russia. The forum, sponsored jointly by DOE and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), was devoted to topics related to analysis methods and computational tools for safety assessments of Soviet-designed NPPs. In attendance were approximately 100 specialists from the IAEA, the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and seven project host countries, as well as Canada, Finland, Romania, Sweden, and the United States. The attendees included representatives of NPPs with Soviet-designed reactors; the Bulgarian, Hungarian, Slovakian, Russian, and Ukrainian regulators; and the technical support organizations. Fifty papers were presented in six topic areas:
The 1997 forum expanded and capitalized on the success of the first forum held last year by providing an overview and insight into the broad scope of activities ongoing in the area of Soviet-designed-reactor safety assessment. The forum?s main objective, to provide a mechanism for communicating the results of various safety analysis programs carried out in the countries with Soviet-designed reactors, was accomplished. The increased participation of NPP staff in attendance, the delivery of presentations, and in the demonstrated their high level of interest in this type of forum. In addition, they also jointly wrote a letter to the U.S. team requesting a continued and expanded focus on NPP safety assessment issues in future information exchanges. The request is significant evidence of their increased awareness of the importance of safety analysis in gaining insights for enhancing safe operation of the NPPs.
Transactions for the meeting are being prepared and will be distributed. (Jeff Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
Supplemental Funding Convention Adopted. In Vienna on September 12, member countries of the IAEA agreed to raise the level of compensation for victims of nuclear catastrophes. The convention adopted raises to (US) $400 million the level of minimum compensation available to such victims. The member countries also set up a supplementary compensation fund, to which all signatory nations are expected to contribute at a rate commensurate with the extent of their nuclear power generation.
The U.S. Departments of Energy and State strongly support a supplementary fund. Such a fund will facilitate humanitarian assistance to countries with Soviet-designed reactors, as well as encourage commercial agreements in the commercial nuclear industry. U.S. companies previously have been reluctant to participate in some DOE efforts to upgrade safety at plants with Soviet-designed reactors because of concerns that current international laws provide insufficient protection in case of accidents.
When the supplemental funding convention is opened for signature this fall, the United States and other countries are expected to sign. Subsequent ratification by the U.S. Congress is expected. (Jim Wiborg, PNNL, 509-375-6745)
*September 22-24 -- Kyiv and Zaporizhzhya NPP, Ukraine.
*September 22-24 -- Kyiv, Ukraine.
*September 22-October 3 -- Energodar, Ukraine.
September 22-October 3 -- Smolensk NPP, Russia.
22-October 3 -- Smolensk Training Center, Russia.
-- Kyiv, Ukraine.
September 25-28 -- Kyiv, Ukraine.
September 27-October 3 -- Helsinki,
*September 28-October 3 -- Konstantinovka, Ukraine.
September 28-October 4 --
*September 29-30 -- Smolensk Training
September 29-October 3
-- Armenia NPP, Armenia.
September 29-October 10 -- Kalinin NPP, Russia.
September 29-October 10 -- Novovoronezh NPP, Russia.
*September 30-October 3 -- Moscow, Russia.
*October 2-4 -- Trnava,
October 2-10 -- Moscow and Novovoronezh
*October 3-5 -- Kyiv, Ukraine.
*October 4-10 -- Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
-- Konstantinovka and Kyiv, Ukraine.
*October 5-10 -- Kyiv, Ukraine.
*October 5-15 -- Moscow, Russia.
*October 6-15 --
*October 6-16 -- Kyiv
and Slavutych, Ukraine.
*October 8-11 -- St. Petersburg,
*October 8-18 --
Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
*October 9-12 -- Helsinki, Finland.
*October 10-18 -- Slavutych, Ukraine.
*October 11-16 -- Moscow, Russia.
*October 13 -- St. Petersburg, Russia.
13-17 -- Kyiv and Neteshin, Ukraine.
*October 13-17 --Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
*October 13-17 -- Stockholm, Sweden.
-- Chornobyl NPP, Ukraine.
*October 15-18 -- Zagreb, Croatia.
*October 16-25 --
Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
2 -- Moscow and Desnogorsk, Russia.
October 19-November 1 --
*October 20-29 -- Leningrad NPP, Russia.
*October 20-31 -- Kola NPP,
TBD -- Bilibino NPP, Russia.
October 30-November 26 -- Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA.
November 1-8 -- Oradell, New Jersey; Washington, D.C., USA.
December 8-12 -- Armenia NPP, Armenia.
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