October 11, 1996
Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland,
Safety Systems Delivered to Kursk Nuclear Power Plant. The
mobile emergency water supply system for Kursk nuclear power plant (NPP)
has been delivered to the plant site. The unit, designed and fabricated
under the direction of U.S. contractor Burns & Roe, consists primarily of
a large Godwin water pump and a John Deere diesel generator integrated
onto a trailer that can be moved to the area of emergency need.
Atomenergoproekt is preparing detailed design modifications for the plant
Documentation for the equipment's final release to Kursk
NPP is still undergoing Customs processing. However, the Customs office
allowed the system to be transferred temporarily to the plant for
testing. During that time, Kursk plant staff were trained to operate the
The safety-grade direct-current batteries for the Kursk
plant also were delivered to the site and have been cleared by Customs.
The switch boards for the batteries are in transit to the plant.
Installation is planned to occur before the end of 1996. (Rich Denning,
Project Steering Committee for Leningrad Unit
2 Meets. The steering committee for the probabilistic and
deterministic safety analysis project at Leningrad Unit 2 met on
September 26 in St. Petersburg to discuss project coordination and
resolution of east/west commercial agreement and contract issues.
Participants included representatives from ENTEK, Leningrad NPP, the
Swedish International Projects office, AEA Technologies of England, and
U.S. program representatives. ENTEK agreed in the meeting protocol to
accept the terms, conditions, and costs proposed by the U.S.
representatives. In subsequent discussion with ENTEK on September 30,
ENTEK would agree only to a reduced system description scope, which was
not agreeable to the U.S. representatives. Direct discussions with the
Leningrad NPP are ongoing for the plant to provide the necessary system
descriptions and plant data for the program. (Sam McKay, PNNL,
Finnish Regulatory Group Expresses Interest in Peer
Review Role. A U.S. project team member met with representatives
from the Finnish regulatory group STUK, in Helsinki on September 27.
STUK has expressed an interest in participating in the peer review
activities of the probabilistic and deterministic safety analysis project
at Leningrad NPP Unit 2. STUK representatives were provided with
information concerning project scope, project structure, steering
committee meeting issues, and potential scope of peer review activities.
The steering committee has requested that STUK representatives attend the
next meeting to provide information concerning their level of support.
(Sam McKay, PNNL, 509-372-4059)
Parameter Display Systems To Be Implemented at Two VVER-1000 Reactor
Sites. On September 23 and 24, representatives of Burns & Roe and
other U.S. team members met at Derzhkomatom to discuss safety parameter
display systems for Ukraine's VVER-1000 reactor units. Agreement was
reached that the U.S. program will supply at least two such systems. A
coordinating group is being established to guide implementation of the
systems. Derzhkomatom will choose the pilot plant for the first system
and select the Ukrainian design organization to develop software and
displays. In addition, Derzhkomatom will provide documentation of the
need for integrating a developmental system with a VVER-1000 simulator.
Burns & Roe will undertake a competitive bidding process to select a U.S.
system vendor. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
Chornobyl Shelter Manager Approves New
Project. A dose reduction project jointly proposed by Chornobyl NPP
staff and U.S. experts was approved last week by Ukraine's Chornobyl
Shelter manager. The project is aimed at reducing radiation dose to
Chornobyl plant staff working in the area of the shelter and its
neighboring Unit 3 reactor. During meetings scheduled for October 14 and
15, U.S. program staff will meet with the shelter manager to discuss this
and additional shelter safety project priorities for new starts. (Dennis
Kreid, PNNL, 509-375-2170)
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE
Armenia: Fire Safety Upgrades To Begin at Nuclear Power
Station. From September 30 through October 3, the project team for
fire safety met at Armenian nuclear power station to initiate the
U.S./Armenia fire safety project at the plant. Upgrades planned as part
of the project include fire-resistant floor material, a fire detection
and alarm system, and fire doors. The team also held preliminary
discussions on projects to complete the new service water system and to
install mobile diesel-powered pumps. A coordination meeting was held with
Russian participants. (Dennis Meyers, DOE, 301-903-1418)
Bulgaria: Configuration Management Project at Kozloduy Steps Up Pace.
Representatives from the U.S. program and U.S. contractor American
Technologies, Inc. met September 30-October 3 with Bulgarian
subcontractor Risk Engineering Ltd. and Kozloduy NPP staff. The meetings
were held at Kozloduy to institute improvements in the work processes for
the configuration management project. All parties agreed upon actions to
increase the pace of the work at the plant.
In addition, team
members from the U.S. program and contractor Parsons Power Group, Inc.
met with Risk Engineering Ltd. and Kozloduy NPP personnel to discuss
progress on the cable shelves component of the building seismic upgrade
project. This project is on schedule and will be completed in November
1996. Kozloduy plant staff and Bulgarian regulatory authority personnel
presented information on two new seismic upgrade projects for which they
are requesting U.S. program sponsorship on a high-priority basis. (Dan
Couch, PNNL, 372-4591)
Lithuania: Configuration Management
Project Completed at Ignalina NPP. A project meeting was held
September 18 through 25 at Ignalina NPP in Visaginas. Representatives
from the U.S. project team and Stone & Webster Engineering Company
reviewed activities completed under the original configuration management
project. The reviewers determined that all activities have been
completed satisfactorily; the project will be closed out in October. In
addition, a protocol that included project scope, responsibilities, and
schedule was signed to begin the new joint Swedish/U.S. project to
implement configuration management at Ignalina. (Dan Couch, PNNL,
International Meeting Focuses on Improving Safety of Soviet-Designed
Reactors. Forsmark, a Swedish commercial nuclear facility, was the
site of an international workshop held September 30 through October 4.
Co-sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency and Swedish
International Projects, the workshop focused on international experience
in understanding and improving the safety culture of organizations
associated with the operation of Soviet-designed reactors. Participants
included representatives from the RBMK plants; Russian, Lithuanian, and
Ukrainian nuclear regulatory organizations; Rosenergoatom; the World
Association of Nuclear Power Operators; Canada; and Sweden. A U.S.
program team member attended the meetings. Participants indicated a high
level of interest in developing an understanding of western safety
culture concepts and expressed a desire to conduct future meetings on
this topic. (Sam McKay, PNNL, 509-372-4059)
"*" indicates the event is a new item or has been
changed from the last report.
*October 14-15 -- St.
Representatives from Bechtel Power
Corporation and Honeywell will meet with Leningrad NPP personnel to
determine the scope of fire detection system improvements at the plant.
This effort is part of the second phase of the fire safety upgrade
program under way at Leningrad NPP. (Rich Denning, PNNL, 614-424-7412)
October 14-15 -- Chornobyl NPP, Ukraine.
representatives will attend a meeting of the European Commission (EC)
Chornobyl Shelter Project staff with Chornobyl NPP management. They
will tour the shelter and possibly participate in the EC project's
concluding meeting. (Dennis Kreid, PNNL, 509-375-2170)
14-24 -- Dimitrovgrad, Russia.
Representatives from GAN will
attend a course on the management of performance-based training
programs. The course will be offered at the Research Institute of Atomic
Reactors (NIIAR) in Dimitrovgrad. (George Sherwood, DOE,
301-903-4162, or George Vargo, PNNL, 509-375-6836)
-- Waterford, Connecticut, USA.
Balakovo NPP specialists
will travel to Sonalysts to continue development of the radiation
protection training course. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
October 16-18 -- St. Petersburg, Russia.
staff will meet with representatives from VNIPIET and the Khlopin Radium
Institute. Discussions will cover the potential application of
available data and expertise at those two institutes for solving
problems associated with the damaged Unit 4 reactor and sarcophagus at
Chornobyl NPP. (Frank Goldner, DOE, 301-903-2025)
19-25 -- Moscow and Novovoronezh, Russia.
A U.S. project
coordinator will participate in discussions with representatives from REA
and Novovoronezh NPP regarding the startup of that plant's Unit 3
plant safety evaluation. (Walt Pasedag, DOE, 301-903-0234)
October 19-27 -- Kyiv and Slavutych, Ukraine.
experts will complete the installation of the integrated computer and
satellite system for the Chornobyl Center for Nuclear Safety,
Radioactive Waste, and Radioecology. (Dan Giessing, DOE, 301-903-2852)
October 21 -- Helsinki, Finland.
A KOLISA project
status review will be presented to the project steering committee. The
steering committee consists of the Kola plant manager, the DOE
program manager, and a technical consultant from IVO International,
Finland. Project participants will discuss comments on the IBRAE peer
review plan. (Jeff Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
21-24 -- Moscow, Russia.
Representatives from GAN will
attend a workshop on event reporting and analysis for research reactors
and fuel cycle facilities. (George Sherwood, DOE, 301-903-4162, or
George Vargo, PNNL, 509-375-6836)
October 21-25 -- Columbia,
Staff representing the South Ukraine and
Rivne NPPs and S3 Technologies will meet with U.S. program staff to
discuss contractual arrangements for the full-scope simulator projects at
South Ukraine Unit 1 and Rivne Unit 3. (Peter Kohut, BNL,
October 21-25 -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
The project team for developing and implementing management and
operational controls procedures will meet. The team will conduct
technical reviews of draft procedures and planned steps to complete
implementation of the procedures at pilot plants in countries with
Soviet-designed NPPs. Attendees include representatives from
Armenia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia,
Ukraine, and the United States. The U.S. representatives include
staff from the Brunswick NPP, INPO, and DOE. (Dennis Meyers, DOE,
October 21-25 -- Novovoronezh NPP, Russia.
Russian participants will accompany U.S. personnel on this site
visit that is part of the project involved with transferring
training technology. (John Yoder, DOE, 301-903-5650)
23-26 -- Genoa, Italy.
U.S. program staff and technical
specialists for the Slovakian Nuclear Power Research Institute will
attend the 8th European Simulation Symposium. There they jointly
will present a paper describing the details and applications of the
V1 simulator upgrade project. (Bill Shier, BNL, 516-344-2385)
*Change in date: October 26-November 2 -- Trnava, Slovakia.
The validation program for the V1 simulator upgrade will be
performed jointly by U.S. program team members and Slovakian
technical staff. Completion of this validation program is part of the
preparation for transferring the upgraded simulator to the Slovakian
training specialists. (Bill Shier, BNL, 516-344-2385)
26-November 2 -- Prague, Czech Republic.
A probabilistic risk
assessment workshop will be cosponsored with the IAEA at the Czech
Republic's Nuclear Research Institute. A U.S. team member will
coordinate and participate in the workshop, which is being held to
resolve discrepancies in modeling assumptions and databases among the
different PRAs of VVER-440 reactors. Safety analysis specialists
from Russian, Ukrainian, and Central and Eastern European power
plants, and technical organizations will address modeling assumptions,
initiating events, and component reliability data, with the goal of
agreeing on consistent assumptions. Participation of a limited
number of Western European and U.S. experts also is expected. (Jeff
Binder, ANL, 630-252-7265)
October 28-November 1 -- Moscow,
Representatives from GAN will attend a followup
workshop on safety analysis for research reactors and fuel cycle
facilities. (Ed Branagan, DOE, 301-903-6509)
28-November 1 -- Moscow, Russia.
A course on the systematic
approach to training will be given in Moscow for participants of the
training technology transfer program. (Sonja Haber, BNL,
October TBD -- Kozloduy NPP, Bulgaria.
An EOI workshop tentatively is scheduled for Kozloduy NPP.
Representatives from Sonalysts will present the principles of the
U.S. "User's Guide" to staff from Kozloduy VVER-1000 and VVER-440/230
units. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
October TBD --
A special meeting of the VVER-1000 working
group will be held at VNIIAES. Working group members from the
Balakovo, Kozloduy, and Zaporizhzhya NPPs will meet with VNIIAES and
Gidropress to review and discuss results of analysis calculations
completed by Gidropress. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)November
4-8 -- Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA.
A VVER regulator EOI
workshop has been scheduled at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Technical Training Center. Representatives from Russian, Ukrainian, and
CEEC regulatory agencies, with primary responsibilities for
reviewing and approving VVER EOIs, will attend. They will observe,
learn, and discuss regulator involvement with EOIs associated with
the VVER reactors. Workshop objectives are to
- educate/familiarize regulators on symptom-based EOI concepts
- provide demonstrations on the use of EOIs to mitigate accidents
- build regulator confidence in the quality of the EOI development
- provide answers to questions the regulators may have
concerning symptom-based EOIs
- demonstrate the U.S. approach to
regulator involvement in EOI development/implementation
regulator involvement/priority in EOI development, approval, and
A combination of classroom lectures and
simulator scenarios will be used to demonstrate these key points.
(Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
*November 4-8 -- Khmelnytskyy
NPP, Netishin, Ukraine.
Program staff from Brookhaven
National Laboratory and S3 Technologies experts will inspect the progress
of the full-scope simulator work before the start of the
hardware/software integration effort. Additional meetings are also
planned with Khmelnytskyy plant personnel to discuss issues related to
the project. (Peter Kohut, BNL, 516-344-4982)
-- Kyiv, Ukraine.
The RBMK Maintenance Advisory Board will
meet to discuss project progress to date and to determine and
prioritize project activities for 1997. Chornobyl NPP will host the
meeting at its Kyiv offices. U.S. program team members will attend.
(Tom Vehec, PNNL, 509-372-4072)
November 11-22 -- Balakovo NPP,
Sonalysts staff will assist Balakovo in the
implementation of the water chemistry training course. (Sonja
Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
November 11-December 6 -- Place
A workshop on the systematic approach to training will
be held for participants of the training technology transfer
program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
November 18-22 --
Zaporizhzhya NPP, Ukraine.
There will be a VVER-1000 EOI
working group meeting at Zaporizhzhya NPP. Representatives from all
VVER-1000 NPPs are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL, 509-372-4068)
November 18-22 -- Smolensk NPP, Russia.
be an RBMK EOI working group meeting at Smolensk NPP. Representatives
from all RBMK NPPs are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL,
November 18-22 -- Bohunice NPP, Slovakia.
The VVER-440/213 EOI working group will meet. Representatives from
all VVER-440/213 NPPs are scheduled to attend. (Kent Faris, PNNL,
December 2-12 -- Moscow, Russia.
Programmatic review meetings are planned for a number of ongoing simulator
projects. Staff from Kola, Kalinin, Novovoronezh, and Chornobyl
NPPs will meet with S3 Technologies, VNIIAES, and U.S. program team
members to discuss the progress of the simulator projects at each
respective plant. (Peter Kohut, BNL, 516-344-4982)
December 11-12 -- Moscow, Russia.
A meeting will be held
with the training technology transfer participants to discuss the
progress of the program. (Sonja Haber, BNL, 516-344-3575)
December TBD -- Charlotte, North Carolina.
being made to bring nondestructive examination specialists from Russia and
Ukraine to the United States to observe U.S. nondestructive
examination practices. Tentative plans include visits to the Electric
Power Research Institute Nondestructive Examination Center in Charlotte
and a U.S. NPP, as well as to the Savannah River Site to observe how
its inspection program has been upgraded. (Robert Moffitt, PNNL,
January TBD -- Dukovany NPP, Czech
In a tentatively scheduled EOI workshop,
Sonalysts representatives will present the U.S. principles of
verification and validation to staff from the Dukovany NPP VVER-440/213
units. (Larry Sherfey, PNNL, 509-372-4080)
||Argonne National Laboratory|
|BNL ||Brookhaven National
|CEEC ||Central and Eastern European Countries|
|Derzhkomatom ||Ukrainian State Committee
on Nuclear Energy Utilization|
||U.S. Department of Energy|
|EBRD ||European Bank for Reconstruction
|EOI ||emergency operating instruction (EOIs aid in the operation,
management, and control of plant emergencies; they define the actions
that reactor operators must take to stabilize the reactor and mitigate
the consequences of an accident or abnormal event.)|
|GAN ||Gosatomnadzor (Russian
organization responsible for regulating the safety of nuclear
reactors and fuel cycle enterprises)|
||General Energy Technologies (a joint venture of
VNIIAES and S3 Technologies)|
||Experimental Design Institute (responsible for VVER
reactor design, steam generator design and manufacturing, and
thermal-hydraulic code development and testing)|
|Goscomatom ||Ukrainian State Committee on
Nuclear Power Utilization|
|IAEA ||International Atomic Energy Agency|
|IBRAE ||Russian Academy of Sciences
Nuclear Safety Institute (independent organization specializing in the
development of nuclear safety computer analysis methods)|
|INPO ||Institute of Nuclear Power
|INSP ||U.S. International Nuclear Safety Program|
|IPPE ||Kola in-depth safety
|KOLISA ||Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Obninsk,
|Kurchatov Institute ||Russian scientific center that designs power reactors, research
reactors, fuel, fuel cycle facilities, space nuclear reactors; conducts
economic and policy studies, metallurgical research, fusion
|LEI ||Lithuanian Energy Institute|
|Minatom ||Ministry of Atomic Energy of
the Russian Federation (responsible for developing nuclear reactors and
for fuel cycle enterprises)|
||consortium of 7-8 companies that include Gidropress,
Kurchatov Institute, and VNIIAES|
|NIIAR ||Research Institute of Atomic
|NOVISA ||Novovoronezh in-depth safety analysis|
|NPA ||nuclear plant analyzer|
|NPP ||nuclear power plant
Northwest National Laboratory|
||Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering
(the research branch of NIKIET; main designer of Russian RBMK reactors
Bolshio Moschnosti Kipyashchiy (Soviet-designed, graphite-moderated,
boiling water-cooled, channel reactor)|
||Rosenergoatom (a business concern of Minatom
responsible for all nuclear power plant operations except the Leningrad
nuclear power plant)|
|TBD ||to be determined|
||U.S. Agency for International Development|
|VNIIAES ||Russian Institute
for Nuclear Power Plant Operations (assists in nuclear power plant
startup, operations, and training; manufactures full-scope and analytical
|VNIPIET ||All-Russian Planning and Design, Research and Technological
|VVER ||Vodo-Vodyanoy Energeticheskyi Reactor ( Soviet-designed
pressurized water reactor)|
|WANO ||World Association of Nuclear Operators|
Note: in the interest of providing a timely update on the
Soviet-Designed-Reactor Safety Program, no formal document review of
this weekly report has been conducted by DOE or PNNL.