All 48 emergency operating instructions that promote safety through improved accident mitigation strategies have been drafted for the plant. Bounding calculations validating the instructions were identified.
All 16 management and operational control guidelines for preparing operational control procedures that promote safety through improved operating practices were developed; plant-specific procedures were implemented at the plant.
The operator exchange program, which trained plant personnel to develop improved operating safety procedures and practices, was completed.
A configuration management program for keeping the plant's design basis current and accurate has been initiated at the plant.
A full-scope simulator upgrade project for Unit 5 has been initiated; completion is scheduled for May 1999.
Transfer of simulator maintenance tools was completed.
The transfer of the Systematic Approach to Training methodology and materials developed at the Khmelnytskyy Training Center to the Zaporizhzhya plant continues. A pilot training program for chemical operators and water chemistry technicians was developed and implemented.
Simulator instructor training has been initiated at the plant. Simulator instructor training was provided to simulator instructors from the Zaporizhzhya and Kozloduy plants using the Zaporizhzhya simulator.
Basic equipment was provided for the development and support of training. This equipment included a computer with network capabilities, a printer, and associated consumables.
Guidelines for plant procedures for quality assessments, document control and records management have been developed are scheduled for plant implementation during 1999. Fifteen Zaporizhzhya staff members were trained to conduct internal quality assurance audits.
A draft strategic plan for operational safety infrastructure development, including establishment of the Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plant Operational Support Institute, was completed.
Engineering and Technology Upgrades
Fire-resistant penetration sealant materials, fire detectors, sprinkler heads, and firefighting equipment were delivered to the plant.
Technology for manufacturing fire doors, previously transferred to the Ukrainian company Askenn Concern, was used by Askenn to provide 125 fire doors to the plant. Forty of the doors have been installed. A contract has been placed with the plant to install the remaining fire doors (by Askenn Concern), a fire detection system, a sprinkler system, and penetration sealant material. These tasks are all scheduled for completion in 1999.
A safety parameter display system for Unit 5 was installed in July 1998.
Advanced equipment to inspect steam-generator tubing was provided to the plant. This equipment is to be used at all Ukrainian nuclear power plants.
Twelve advanced ultrasonic flaw detectors were delivered to the plant.
Plant Safety Evaluations
The in-depth safety assessment for Unit 5 is in progress. Preparation of guidelines for the probabilistic risk assessment and documentation of past safety assessment work was completed. Basic training in probabilistic risk assessment methodology was provided to plant personnel. Computer equipment to be used in the assessment was installed at the plant.
Fuel Cycle Safety
A project to provide three spent fuel dry-storage casks, a cask transporter, ancillary equipment, and associated services and training to the plant is nearly complete. The cask transporter, all cask hardware, and ancillary equipment have been delivered. Technology was transferred for fabrication of the concrete casks and the plant constructed three casks. The first cask is scheduled to be loaded with spent fuel in early 1999.
The plant received the official construction license from the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety for onsite fabrication of the dry spent fuel storage system.
Operating procedures for the dry-cask storage system at the plant were completed.
Nuclear Safety Institutional and Regulatory Framework
Training on analytical tools was provided to the Ukrainian regulators. The regulators will use the tools for evaluating compliance of the plant's dry-storage system with safety requirements for nuclear criticality, radiation dose, and maximum fuel temperature.
A Ukraine national standard for quality assurance for nuclear facilities was completed, adopted by the Nuclear Regulatory Administration, and sent to the Justice Ministry for registration as the governing normative document for all of Ukraine.